Vercingetorix the Gaul September 19th, Headsman On an uncertain date around this time — sort of — in 46 B. A nobleman who in the course of things would have been destined for that class of domestic elites bought off by Rome for orderly management of conquered provinces, Vercingetorix instead mounted a massive and effective semi-guerrilla resistance. Julius Caesar , then serving a long and lucrative career as Governor of Gaul, managed only with difficulty — and staggering bloodshed — to pacify the province at the Battle of Alesia. It was a signal military engagement in the development of the Roman Empire, cementing Roman power in Gaul for centuries to come. Either way, the once-intractable province became the bastion from which Caesar would overthrow the foundering Roman Republic. When the conflict came to a head in 49 B. Vercingetorix languished in Roman chains all along, until Caesar finally mopped up his enemies in the field and returned to Rome, where he celebrated an extravagant quadruple Triumph for his various military achievements. As described by Appian , when he returned to Rome he had four triumphs together: Scipio , in which the historian Juba the son of King Juba , then an infant, was led a captive.
Battery and Energy Technologies
Yerman I have to start off with an admission. I haven’t watched the Super Bowl in over twenty years. Bone crushing violence does nothing for me. I prefer the cerebral match up of a pitcher and a batter. That being said, I realize that this sporting event is a major occurrence for families all over the country. The closest I come to that kind of extravaganza is the Academy Awards.
I’m an agnostic atheist looking for a long term male friend with an intention of being a friend as well as a lover. I will not be interested in males looking for a mistress or a casual sex only relationship.
According to the internet, yes! Check out the rumors swirling around these supposed Illuminati celebrities and decide for yourself. What is the Illuminati, anyway? Well, that really depends on whom you ask. Some people maintain it’s a now-defunct clandestine organization that existed during the Enlightenment era and consisted of freethinkers who opposed prejudice, the Roman Catholic Church’s religious control and gender inequality. Today, most Illuminati enthusiasts read:
18 Celebs supposedly in the Illuminati
With a Quack Quack here and a Quack Quack there: Danny Chambers will discuss the use of psuedoscience in veterinary practice and the implications this has on human health and wellbeing, including the campaign he has led to prevent vets from prescribing homeopathy for animals. Earlier this year he was appointed to the council of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, running on a platform of evidence-based veterinary medicine. But do we really know what cancer is and how we can work towards a cure?
Is a cure even possible?
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Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. The Jews were remarkably free in early times to edit and re-edit their Hebrew texts. They did not regard their scriptures as a single body, but as separate works. As we have already seen they often copied chunks of one book into another, sometimes changing names and other details to meet the needs of the moment.
Impious suggestions were also doctored. For example, it seemed wrong that God should stand before Abraham, so the two swapped places and Abraham now stood before God. There were genuine errors too. A common one was to incorporate marginal notes into the text. Typically, one scholar would add a note giving his explanation of an opaque passage. A later scholar, copying the manuscript, would interpret the note as a correction and copy it as part of the main text In later times after AD Jewish scribes began to take pains to ensure that texts were accurately copied, for example by checking the number of letters and words in the new manuscripts.
The texts then settled down to relative uniformity, although they preserved errors and contradictions originating from earlier editing. Until the twentieth century, the oldest known Hebrew manuscript was only about 1, years old. A further difficulty was that different Jewish sects each tampered with the scriptures to suit their own teachings.
The community of Reason
A person who is not a Christian, Moslem, or Jew; heathen. One who has no religion. This also includes those who worshiped gods before the advent of the Judeo-Christian religions. As Mortimer Adler put it: The Western peoples of pre-Christian antiquity were all pagans in the sense defined. Many remained pagans during the early centuries of the Christian era; and from the 16th century on, the number of pagans living in communities that were predominantly Christian or Muslim has steadily increased.
For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For it is written, “I will destroy the wisdom of the .
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved. You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular.
Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind. Volta’s pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications.
The electronics, computers and communications industries, power engineering and much of the chemical industry of today were founded on discoveries made possible by the battery.
The Super Bowl Slippery Slope: Advertising and Free Speech
The Fraud Of Nadi Jothidam June 13, by Narendra Nayak When I was contacted by an arranger looking to record a program on our movement featuring me by a journalist, I chose Tamilnadu for two important reasons. One was that the movement there must get due publicity. I had visited one such a few years back and had exposed him, but this time there was an opportunity to do more; this time with prior preparation. The added attraction was that the sequence would be shot in high definition, expenses to be taken care of by the company.
On the 8th of June we went to a place, sorry the place for Nadi Jotidam- the Vaitheeswarn Kovil at Chidambaram about kms from Chennai.
An evangelist in Buffalo lashed out at Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll as “a poor barking dog.”In Pittsburgh, indignant defenders of the faith urged the mayor to arbitrarily forbid Ingersoll from speaking publicly on a Sunday. The chief judge of the Delaware Supreme Court called on a .
Regulation[ edit ] In the past, large portions of the Second Life economy consisted of businesses that are now regulated or banned. Changes to Second Life’s Terms of Service in this regard have largely had the purpose of bringing activity within Second Life into compliance with various international laws, even though the person running the business may be in full compliance with the law in their own country.
Linden Lab offer no compensation for businesses that are damaged or destroyed by these rule changes, which can render significant expenditure or effort worthless. On July 26, , Linden Lab announced a ban on in-world gambling due to federal and state regulations on Internet gambling that could affect Linden Lab if it was permitted to continue. The ban was immediately met with in-world protests. On Tuesday, January 8, Linden Lab announced the upcoming prohibition of payment of fixed interest on cash deposits in unregulated banking activities in-world.
Technical issues[ edit ] Second Life has suffered from difficulties related to system instability. These include increased system latency, and intermittent client crashes. However, some faults are caused by the system’s use of an “asset server” cluster, on which the actual data governing objects is stored separately from the areas of the world and the avatars that use those objects. The communication between the main servers and the asset cluster appears to constitute a bottleneck which frequently causes problems.
Definition[ edit ] Freethinkers hold that knowledge should be grounded in facts, scientific inquiry, and logic. The skeptical application of science implies freedom from the intellectually limiting effects of confirmation bias , cognitive bias , conventional wisdom , popular culture , prejudice , or sectarianism. Modern freethinkers consider freethought as a natural freedom of all negative and illusive thoughts acquired from the society  Atheist author Adam Lee defines freethought as thinking which is independent of revelation, tradition, established belief, and authority ,  and considers it as a “broader umbrella” than atheism “that embraces a rainbow of unorthodoxy, religious dissent, skepticism, and unconventional thinking.
Biblical Studies glossary of terms one comes across when moving from devotional Bible study to academic, scholarly Biblical Studies.
Clear List of Bookmarks A couple of years ago, I launched my Unz Review, providing a wide range of different alternative perspectives, the vast majority of them totally excluded from the mainstream media. But I finally decided I might as well explicitly outline the reasoning in a memo as provided below. The Mainstream Media is the Crucial Opposing Force Groups advocating policies opposed by the American establishment should recognize that the greatest obstacle they face is usually the mainstream media.
Ordinary political and ideological opponents surely exist, but these are usually inspired, motivated, organized, and assisted by powerful media support, which also shapes the perceived framework of the conflict. The Media Should Be Made a Primary Target If the media is the crucial force empowering the opposition, then it should be regarded as a primary target of any political strategy. So long as the media remains strong, success may be difficult, but if the influence and credibility of the media were substantially degraded, then the ordinary opposing forces would lose much of their effectiveness.
In many respects, the media creates reality, so perhaps the most effective route toward changing reality runs through the media. Discrediting the Media Anywhere Weakens It Everywhere The mainstream media exists as a seamless whole, so weakening or discrediting the media in any particular area automatically reduces its influence everywhere else as well. The elements of the media narrative faced by a particular anti-establishment group may be too strong and well-defended to attack effectively, and any such attacks might also be discounted as ideologically motivated.
Hence, the more productive strategy may sometimes be an indirect one, attacking the media narrative elsewhere, at points where it is much weaker and less well-defended. In addition, winning those easier battles may generate greater credibility and momentum, which can then be applied to later attacks on more difficult fronts. A Broad Alliance May Support the Common Goal of Weakening the Media Once we recognize that weakening the media is a primary strategic goal, an obvious corollary is that other anti-establishment groups facing the same challenges become natural, if perhaps temporary, allies.
Such unexpected tactical alliances may drawn from across a wide range of different political and ideological perspectives—Left, Right, or otherwise—and despite the component groups having longer-term goals that are orthogonal or even conflicting.